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Forensic Anthropology
Why study Bones
Age
Estimating Time of Death
Sex and Race


Determining the Sex and Race
after completing the record, the race and sex must be identified. In order to determine the race, we first need to determine the sex. Direct observation of certain features help in the opening recognition. A trained eye and touch in direct observation can distinguish male from female using the supraorbital margin, mastoid process and gonial flare parts of the skull. However, most important in direct observation is the pelvis.


pelvis2.gif


Male
Female
General size
Large
Small
Architecture
Rugged
Smooth
Supraorbital margin
Rounded
Sharp
Mastoid process
Large
Small
Occipital bone
Muscle lines and protuberance marked
Muscle lines not marked
Glabella
Bony
Flat
Gonial Angle
Squared
Wide angle
Palate
Larger, broader, tends to be U-shaped
Small, tends to be a parabola
Occipital condyles
Large
Small


source: http://www.anthro4n6.net/forensics/#SexRace
img: http://www.anthro4n6.net/forensics/#SexRace